Origin Of The Ssn And Federal Government Usage
The social security number was first introduced as a device for keeping account of contributions to the Social Security program. Through the years, however, the use of this identifying number has been expanded by government entities and the private sector to keep track of many other government and private sector records. In the view of some, a person’s SSN has attained the status of a quasi-universal personal identification number.1
Federal and state agencies collect and use SSNs to verify eligibility for and administer government programs that provide benefits and services. Private sector entities routinely obtain and use SSNs for a wide variety of purposes. Today one can be required to furnish one’s SSN to obtain a driver’s license, apply for public assistance, donate blood, or take out a loan. SSNs may also be used to access insurance records, track down student loan defaulters, compile direct marketing mailing lists, or identify convicted felons on lists of potential jurors.2 There is no single federal law that comprehensively regulates SSN collection and confidentiality.3
How Do You Replace A Lost Or Stolen Card
Luckily, replacing a stolen card involves the same steps as applying for the original one. Just be sure to provide the following documents with Form SS5:
- One document proving your identity this is your passport
- Documents showing your lawful immigrant status, such as an MRIV this will depend on your particular situation
Its important to note that replacing your card is not vital. In most cases, all you need is your SSN. You should also know that there is a limit as to how many replacement cards you can request. There is a cap of 3 per year and 10 per lifetime, though these caps may be overridden in certain cases.
Ein Lookup Is Important
If you run a business or do business with other businesses, you’ll need their EINs. Rather than asking a company for their EIN, you can do an EIN lookup yourself. Or, if you have a company’s EIN but not their name, you can do a reverse EIN lookup just as easily as you can look up a company’s EIN.
Remember to keep your business EIN private unless the IRS or a financial institution is asking for it. Just like you wouldn’t share your Social Security Number with just anyone, avoid sharing your EIN with someone you don’t trust.
Restrictions On Governmental Collection And Use Of Ssns
As early as the 1970s, concerns regarding increased uses of the SSN by both government and private entities prompted studies and subsequent congressional action limiting government uses of the SSN. The Social Security Administration created a task force in 1970 to investigate “non-program” uses of the SSN, and the task force’s report the following year stated,
Any examination of SSN policy must begin with the recognition that the number has ceased to be merely a “social security number.” Especially in the past few years, the number has come into increasingly wide use as a numerical identifier throughout society, to the point where the adult American citizen is beginning to need a number to function effectively even if he is among the very small minority of people who never work in covered employment.44
In 1973, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems proposed that an individual whose SSN is requested should be informed as to whether or not divulging his number is legally required and that no individual should be denied a benefit because of his refusal to divulge his SSN for purposes other than those required by federal law.45
Are Social Security Numbers Public Record
Social Security numbers are collected from a variety of public and non- public sources. Public documents such as bankruptcy filings and other types of court records often contain Social Security numbers of the parties to a proceeding. In response to this, a number of states shield SSNs from disclosure in public records.
Read Also: How Much Social Security Can I Draw
Is A Social Security Number A Public Record
From the mid-20th century, social security numbers were embedded intomany public records as a form of identification however, in 2008, the Federal Government andthe FTC requested that all agencies using the SSN in their records cease to do so because ofidentity theft concerns. Those entities that still require it – such as banks and even theSocial Security Administration itself – redact any correspondence that includes a socialsecurity number. The only time a social security number truly becomes a public record is threeyears after the death of the person to whom the SSN was issued.
Using A Private Investigator
The far-fetched method of finding a person with their Social Security Number is by using the Private Investigator. The tendency of these investigators is that they tend to do their job very well if you provide them with enough money.
This asserts the fact that if all resorts are failed, then there is going to be a right amount of money involved to find the person. It should be taken care that Private Investigators are human after all so it would be wrong to assume that they are the definite answer to find the person in context.
Recommended Reading: How To Find Someone Social Security Number
You May Like: Social Security Card Replacements
Can You Get Your License At 18 Without A Permit In Florida
If you are 18 or older getting your first drivers license in Florida you are not required to hold a learners permit you can go straight to a Class E unrestricted drivers License. Here are the steps to follow. Florida has many drivers that get their first drivers license as an adult.
An Excellent First Resource
For many people born in the nineteenth century before formal birth registration was required, Social Security records can provide valuable vital facts about birthplace and date, death date, or parentsâ names. They can also give you clues to where a person lived or even worked at a given time, where they resided when they first applied for their Social Security card, where they last resided, and the residential area of the person who received benefits upon their death.
Also Check: Mass Gov Massmedboard Renewals
Where Do I Report A Debt Collector For An Alleged Violation
Where do I report a debt collector for an alleged violation? Report any problems you have with a debt collector to: your state attorney generals office the Federal Trade Commission the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Many states have their own debt collection laws that are different from the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.
Your Social Security Number Is The Key
Originally, your Social Security number was a way for the government to track your earnings and pay you retirement benefits. But over the years, it has become much more than that. It is the key to a lot of your personal information. With your name and SSN, an identity thief could open new credit and bank accounts, rent an apartment, or even get a job.
Don’t Miss: How Much Have I Put In Social Security
How To Protect Your Ssn
- Don’t give out your SSN. Try to bargain with businesses that request it by giving an alternative identifier, such as a driver’s license number.
- Robert Ellis Smith, editor of the Privacy Journal, has written an article on SSN alternatives that large organizations can use.
- The Social Security Administration recommends that you should ask the following questions before releasing the SSN:
- Why your number is needed
- How your number will be used
- What happens if you refuse and
- What law requires you to give your number.
Social Security Administration Open Government Select Datasets
Since 2009, we have identifying high value data of particular interest to the public. Social Security has a long history of collecting data to carry out our mission so there is a treasure trove of information available for public consumption. Our data is about people – their wages, their identifying information, their employers, their addresses, and much more. To see a complete listing of our data assets, go to: .
The first regulation we published included a commitment to the public to safeguard the personal information entrusted to us. This commitment is as solid as it was when Social Security began in 1935 and is further strengthened by privacy laws. We cannot publicly release much of our data because it is protected by the Privacy Laws, the Internal Revenue code, and other statutes. While some of the data can be anonymized, much of it cannot. Our open government data transparency efforts recognize these constraints and all releases have protected privacy in accordance with all applicable laws.
Below you can access data and information that Open Government has identified to date.
You May Like: How Do You Make An Appointment For Social Security
The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection Disclosure And Confidentiality
While the social security number was first introduced as a device for keeping track of contributions to the Social Security program, its use has been expanded by government entities and the private sector to keep track of many other government and private sector records. Use of the SSN as a federal government identifier was based on Executive Order 9397, issued by President Franklin Roosevelt. Beginning in the 1960s, federal agencies started adopting the SSN as a governmental identifier, and its use for keeping track of government records, on both the federal and state levels, greatly increased.
Section 7 of the Privacy Act of 1974 provided some limits on compulsory divulgence of the social security number to government entities. However, exceptions in that statute and succeeding statutes resulted in only minimal restrictions on governmental usage of the SSN. Today, an individual needs an SSN to pay taxes, obtain a driverâs license, and open a bank account, among other things. The continued use of, and reliance on, SSNs by public and private sector entities and the potential for SSN misuse, including identity theft concerns, has led to increasing efforts by governmental entities to limit the use and disclosure of SSNs. However, no single federal law comprehensively regulates SSN collection and confidentiality.
How To Trace A Social Security Number To An Employer
Most employers, when registering their businesses, receive an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. This number is used to identify the employer for tax purposes. When an employer signs up for an EIN, he provides a Social Security Number, or SSN. An employer can be traced using an EIN or SSN. Tracing an individuals SSN can reveal past or current employers.
The rise of technology has brought new threats to your personal data and its security. Identity theft is a crime that strikes at the heart of a modern citizens wealth, employment, social services, and more. Our identity specifically, the electronically-encoded identity that serves as the gateway to our bank accounts, to our home security systems, to our e-mail and network resources can be stolen by unscrupulous people and used for crimes great and small.
At best, an identity thief may use part of your identity as the launchpad for some phony persona that they are using to commit acts of fraud and light scams. At worst, they can drain your bank accounts, destroy your credit rating, and wipe out your hard-earned retirement benefits. Identity theft is not a minor crime in 2018, more than 60 million Americans reported that they were affected by identity theft.
Do You Automatically Get A Social Security Number At Birth
Getting a Social Security number for your newborn is voluntary. But, getting a number when your child is born is a good idea. How do I apply? At the hospital: When you give information for your babys birth certificate, you ll be asked whether you want to apply for a Social Security number for your baby.
B Exception For Laws And Regulations In Effect Before January 1 1975
Federal, state, and local agencies may deny an individual a right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individuals refusal to disclose the individuals social security number if required under statute or regulation adopted prior to January 1, 1975, and used to verify the identity of an individual.
A second exception to the general provisions of section 7 is set out in subsection 7, which grandfathers statutes or regulations in effect before January 1, 1975, and provides that the prohibition on denying a benefit because of an individuals failure to provide a social security number does not apply to those statutes and regulations. SeeSchwier v. Cox, 439 F.3d 1285, 1285-86 grandfather exception did not apply to Georgia voter registration procedures), affg 412 F. Supp. 2d 1266 , remanded by 340 F.3d at 1288-89 McKay v. Thompson, 226 F.3d 752, 755 s exception for systems of records in existence prior to January 1, 1975, where disclosure was required under statute or regulation).
Getting A New Social Security Number Is Probably Not A Good Idea
Victims of identity theft sometimes want to change their Social Security number. The Social Security Administration very rarely allows this. In fact, there are drawbacks to changing your number. It could result in losing your credit history, your academic records, and your professional degrees. The absence of any credit history under the new SSN would make it difficult for you to get credit, rent an apartment, or open a bank account.
The Privacy Act Of 1974
When Congress passed the Privacy Act of 1974,46 it took the first legislative step toward establishing a federal policy limiting compulsory divulgence of the SSN. In its report accompanying S. 3418, which became the Privacy Act, the Senate Committee on Government Operations stated that the extensive use of the SSN as a universal identifier was “one of the most serious manifestations of privacy concerns in the nation.”47 Citing its fear of harm to individual privacy through misuse of information systems,48 Congress intended, in the Privacy Act, to curb government use of SSNs as a personal identifier.
Section 7 of the Privacy Act provides that
It shall be unlawful for any Federal, State or local government agency to deny to any individual any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individual’s refusal to disclose his social security account number.
However, the effectiveness of the Privacy Act in restricting SSN use was somewhat limited by the exemptions in Section 7 of the Privacy Act:
The provisions of paragraph of this subsection shall not apply to
any disclosure which is required by Federal statute, or
the disclosure of a social security number to any Federal, State, or local agency maintaining a system of records in existence and operating January 1, 1975, if such disclosure was required under statute or regulation adopted prior to such date to verify the identity of an individual.
You May Like: Ssa 3369 Bk Sample Answers
List Of Social Security Area Numbers
List showing the geographical location of the first three digits of the Social Security numbers assigned in the United States and its territories from 1973 until June 25, 2011. Repeated numbers indicate that they have been transferred to another location or they’re shared by more than one location.
On June 25, 2011, the SSA changed the SSN assignment process to “SSN randomization”. SSN randomization affects the SSN assignment process. Among its changes, it eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, previously referred to as the Area Number, by no longer allocating the Area Numbers for assignment to individuals in specific states.
|SSN area number|
The Tax Reform Act Of 1976
In 1976, Congress modified the general protections of the Privacy Act to specifically authorize the states to use the SSN for a wide range of purposes, and by codifying the use of the SSN for federal tax purposes. First, Section 1211 of the Tax Reform Act of 197652 amended Section 205 of the Social Security Act53 by adding the following language:
It is the policy of the United States that any State may, in the administration of any tax, general public assistance, driver’s license, or motor vehicle registration law within its jurisdiction, utilize the social security account numbers issued by the Secretary for the purpose of establishing the identification of individuals affected by such law, and may require any individual who is or appears to be so affected to furnish to such state or any agency thereof having administrative responsibility for the law involved, the social security account number issued to him by the Secretary.
In studying the effects of these two laws, the Privacy Protection Study Commission found that the restrictions on use of the SSN imposed by Section 7 of the Privacy Act had little impact on government agencies. The Commission stated that “he Tax Reform Act grants most State and local government agencies that found its continued use necessary authority to demand it. In short, the Privacy Act and the Tax Reform Act essentially preserved the status quo with respect to the SSN: namely, widespread collection and use of the number.”55