Your Information And Privacy
Sections 205 and 702 of the Social Security Act authorize SSA to collect information to assign you a Social Security number and issue you a Social Security card. The information you furnish is voluntary. However, failure to provide the requested information may prevent us from issuing you an SSN and Social Security card. The information you provide us is confidential. This means that we do not share your information except as permitted under the law. For example, we may share information with other government agencies as allowed by the Privacy Act. SSA will maintain the information used to assign you an SSN and issue you a Social Security card in SSA’s system of records Master Files of Social Security Number Holders and SSN Applications, 60-0058. Complete lists of approved routine uses for the information used to assign you an SSN and issue you a Social Security card are available in the System of Records Notice 60-0058, available at For more information about this, please contact us.
What Forms & Documentation Do I Need To Replace My Social Security Card
Youre probably wondering, What documents do I need to get a replacement Social Security card? Whether you complete your request online through the SSA.gov website or you visit your local SSA office, there is some documentation that you will need before completing your request. You will need to complete the application for a social security card . This is the same form you will use whether you are requesting a brand new card or a replacement card. This form can be completed online or manually completed and returned to your local office.
Whether you complete the form online or in-person, you will also be required to have documentation that verifies your age, identity, and status as a U.S. citizen or lawful immigration status. Here are some of the most common acceptable documents used to verify each.
Eligibility For A Social Security Number
Temporary workers and those in non-immigrant visa status who are authorized to work in the United States by the Department of Homeland Security can get a Social Security number .
Social Security numbers are used to report wages to the government and to determine a persons eligibility for Social Security benefits. A Social Security number is needed to work and to collect Social Security benefits.
Only non-citizens authorized to work in the U.S. are eligible for a Social Security number.
Those with a non-employment based temporary visa without authorization to work in the U.S. are not permitted to apply for a social security number.
Recommended Reading: Ssa.gov Benefits
About Your Social Security Number
Since you will be working in the U.S., you will first need to apply for a Social Security card. If you already have a Social Security number you do not need to apply again. Make sure to bring your card with you to the U.S.
Important: After you apply, it will take 4 to 6 weeks for your Social Security Card to arrive. You are allowed to work while you are waiting for your card. If your employer has questions about your eligibility to work because your card hasnt arrived, ask him or her to call InterExchange at .
If you need to apply for a first-time Social Security card, you will apply in person at a local Social Security office. Use the Social Security Office Locator, to find the closest office. To apply for your card, you must bring the originals AND two photocopies each of the following documents:
Important: When you apply for your Social Security Number you will get a receipt letter. Make a copy of it for your personal records. Give the original receipt letter to your employer when you arrive. The receipt is proof that you have applied for a Social Security number.
Remember! Read all instructions BEFORE you fill out the application. Here are some tips:
Important: You will not be issued a Social Security number if you do not register in SEVIS. You must register as soon as you arrive in the U.S. Participants need to wait at least 3-4 business days after registering in SEVIS before applying for a Social Security number.
If You’re Not Sure Why You Received A Payment
If you receive a check or direct deposit payment from the Treasury Department and do not know what its for, contact the regional financial center that issued it.
If you received a check, look for the RFCs city and state at the top center. Then contact that RFC to find out which federal agency authorized the payment. It will be one of these:
If you received payment byelectronic funds transfer , or direct deposit, follow the directions under Find Information About a Payment.
Use the Treasury Check Verification System to verify that the check is legitimate and issued by the government.
How Social Security Numbers Work
With very few exceptions, all U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary or working residents have a Social Security number. Even non-working residents can obtain an SSN because of how useful it is to businesses and government entities.
The legal framework for assigning a Social Security number is provided under Section 205 of the Social Security Act . Social Security numbers and cards are issued by the Social Security Administration .
Social Security numbers are now random streams of digits but weren’t prior to 2011. At that time, the first three digits represented the area in which the individual was born or was from. The next pair of numbers was originally slated to represent a year or month of birth.
Because there was concern about this being falsified, the Social Security Administration instead voted to have it represent a group number. Thus far, no Social Security Numbers have been reused, though there have been some cases in which two people were issued the same number.
Scammers are everywhere, so it’s important that you keep your information safe and secure. You can avoid scams and report them directly to authorities through the Federal Trade Commission’s website.
How Long Is The Wait For A Replacement Social Security Card
The wait can range from a couple of weeks to 6 weeks or more depending on the method used to submit your application. Submitting online is the quickest way, and it usually takes 10-14 days to receive your replacement. If you need something immediately, you can visit your local office in person and obtain a printed receipt which will act as a temporary card. Mailing your application is the slowest way, and it can take 6 weeks or more to receive your new card.
Read Also: How Much Social Security Can I Draw
Visit The Local Ssa Office
Print out and bring your application and the original documents to your local SSA office. If you filled out the application online, the site will direct you to a page where you can find the closest SSA office in your area. You can also submit your application using an online form, provided you meet certain criteria outlined below.
How Do I Get My Name Changed On My Social Security Card
Youll need to fill out Form SS-5, the standard application for a Social Security card that you can download from the Social Security website. Mail the form or deliver it in person to your local Social Security office, along with original copies of documents proving your legal name change and your identity.
You May Like: Claiming Social Security Early
At Your Social Security Office
You will want to visit your local SSA field office for the fastest results. Bring all relevant documents to your nearest Social Security office, and make sure to bring a certified copy of each when possible.You may call or go online to make an appointment at your local office, which saves time standing in line.Your temporary card can only be printed by SSA for legal reasons.
Social Security Numbers And Identity Theft
Social Security numbers are frequently used as a personal identifier and to obtain credit. They contain no biometrics and rely on documentation to prove validity. They are susceptible to use for identity theft and fraud.
A notable example is when the chief executive officer of identity theft prevention service LifeLock used his SSN in advertisements as a testament to his company’s effectiveness. His identity was later stolen multiple times.
There has been some movement among legislators to separate some activities from SSN use, such as renting an apartment or obtaining a hunting or fishing license.
Recommended Reading: How Can I Get A Replacement Social Security Card Quickly
How To Stop Social Security Check Payments
The SSA can not pay benefits for the month of a recipients death. That means if the person died in July, the check received in August must be returned. Find out how to return a check to the SSA.
If the payment is by direct deposit, notify the financial institution as soon as possible so it can return any payments received after death. For more about the requirement to return benefits for the month of a beneficiarys death, see the top of page 11 of this SSA publication.
Family members may be eligible for Social Security survivors benefits when a person getting benefits dies. Visit the SSA’s Survivors Benefits page to learn more.
How To Get And Print A Temporary Social Security Card
Your identity is crucial, and whether you are a U.S. citizen or not, you need a Social Security card. Often, when waiting for a new card or replacement card, people choose to obtain a temporary Social Security card.You can procure a temporary card even if you are not an American citizen.In this article, we will outline the process for obtaining a temporary Social Security card, including copies of documents and the procedure for a temporary printout. The process usually isnt appreciably more difficult than obtaining a temporary drivers license.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is Retirement Social Security
Who Is Eligible To Request A Replacement Social Security Card Online
Requesting a replacement card online is available in most states. We are continuously working to make this service available to additional states.
The following states are not currently eligible:
The following states are not currently eligible:
- West Virginia
This service is also not yet available if your drivers license or identification card was issued by a U.S. territory .
You can use a mySocial Security account to apply for a replacement Social Security card online if you:
- Are a U.S. citizen age 18 or older with a U.S. mailing address .
- Are not requesting a name change or any other change to your card.
- Have a drivers license or state-issued identification card from one of the many participating states or the District of Columbia.
How Do I Apply For My Social Security Number
All first-time applicants a J1 Programme must apply for a Social Security Number . If you have obtained a SSN in the past, you are exempt from this requirement as you will only ever be issued one SSN and that is valid for life. To apply for a SSN you need to visit your local Social Security Office in the USA destination where you will reside for the summer. You need to complete the application form and bring the following documents with you.
- “Dear Social Security Officer” letter
- DS-2019 form + SEVIS receipt
- Passport with your J1 visa
Recommended Reading: Social Security Benefits Based On Salary
What To Do If Your Social Security Card Is Lost Or Stolen
The first thing you should do if your card is stolen is report it to the local police. Identity theft is a real concern, and you should notify the local authorities immediately. Your next steps would be the same whether your card was stolen or simply lost. Having your Social Security card find its way into the wrong hands could have extremely negative consequences for you and your financial future. Not only can people open new credit in your name, but they can also use your information to file fraudulent tax returns with the IRS.
You should immediately place a fraud alert on your Social Security number with the major credit bureaus. This makes the agencies aware that your number may be compromised, and they can take extra steps to verify your identity before issuing new credit in your name. In addition, you can even go so far as to place a lock on your credit so that no new credit can be opened without specific verification steps.
Lastly, you should obtain a copy of your credit report and examine it for anything that looks suspicious. Make sure that you review your report frequently so that you can take immediate action should anything show up that you did not initiate. It would be a good idea to sign up for a credit monitoring service so that you can be notified any time there is a change to your report.
Who Are Eligible For Green Card
You are eligible under this category if you are an immigrant worker with extraordinary ability in sciences, arts, education, business or athletics You are a physician who agrees to work full-time in clinical practice for a set period An immigrant investor who has invested or is actively investing at least $1 million
Don’t Miss: Social Security.gov/my Social Security
How Long Does It Take To Get A Social Security Number
It takes about two to four weeks for an Social Security Number card to be issued. You are allowed to start working with just a letter/receipt from the Social Security Administration stating you have applied for a Social Security Number. However, this is at the discretion of your employer. Typically, if an employer will be doing a background check they will only accept a Social Security Number before you can start working. Please talk with the Human Resources Department of your employer about their policy.
Remember! Social Security numbers are not valid forms of work authorization! Please read the employment section to learn about student and exchange visitor employment on and off campus.
Applying To Change Your Name With The Ssa
Once youve gathered your documentation, its time to fill out your Social Security card application.
To obtain a copy of the application, you can , request a copy by phone from the SSA at 800-772-1213, or visit an SSA office and pick up a copy. Keep in mind that regardless of whether youre applying to update your name, request an original card, or replace a lost card, the application form is the same.
Look over the instructions for filling out the application and complete it as best you can. If youre not sure about anything, you can contact the SSA by phone here. Its better to be sure than to submit your application only to have it denied.
Don’t Miss: Soial Security
How Do I Get A Valid Permanent Resident Card
Apply for a Green Card If you are eligible, file Form I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status with USCIS, including all supporting documents and fees. USCIS will review your application and schedule an interview with you. Once issued, your Green Card will be valid for 10 years.
Eligibility To Apply For A Social Security Number
Only students who have enrolled and registered for classes are able to apply for an SSN. You will not be able toapply for an SSN before you’ve begun your classes. You are also only able to apply for an SSN if you are employed orhave a job offer in the US.
You must be in the United States for at least 10 days and be registered for classesbefore you can apply. You must also be authorized to work in the US by your school, either on or off campus.Social Security Administration will not assign a number to you just for the purpose of enrolling in a college or school.
Don’t Miss: Social Security’
Getting A Social Security Number For A New Baby
The easiest way to get a Social Security number for your child is at the hospital after they are born when you apply for your childs birth certificate. If you wait to apply for a number at a Social Security office, there may be delays while SSA verifies your childs birth certificate.
Your child will need their own Social Security number so you can:
- Claim your child as a dependent on your income tax return
- Open a bank account in their name
- Get medical coverage for them
- Apply for government services for them
Keep your Social Security card in a safe place to protect yourself from identity theft.
How To Get A Social Security Number For An International Student Loan In 2021
Many international students who choose to study in the United States will look into obtaining student loans to help fund their studies.
If this is the case with you, you may find that some lenders require that you have a Social Security Number in order to apply . SSNs are assigned to people who are authorized to work in the United States and are used to report your wages to the government and to determine eligibility for Social Security benefits.
If you are paid in the United States, you must have an SSN in order to file an income tax return. If you are an F-1 or J-1 visa-holding student, you and your dependents are required to file at least one tax form, even if you have not worked in the US
Recommended Reading: What Is My Ss Benefit Going To Be