Thursday, June 16, 2022

How To Deduct Social Security Tax

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Form Td3f Fishers Election To Have Tax Deducted At Source

How to pay less in taxes on your Social Security benefits

When a fisher sells a catch, the fisher can choose to have the buyer, also known as the designated employer, deduct income tax at a rate of 20% from the proceeds of the sale. To do this, the fisher must fill out Form TD3F and give it to the designated employer. The designated employer is then responsible to deduct, remit and report the amounts withheld.

Reducing Remuneration On Which You Have To Deduct Income Tax

Certain amounts that you deduct from the remuneration you pay an employee, as well as other authorized or claimed amounts, can reduce the amount of remuneration from which you deduct tax for the pay period. Reduce the remuneration by the following amounts before you calculate tax:

Do not subtractCPP contributions and EI premiums to determine the remuneration that requires tax deductions.



Letter of authority

Your employee will have to give you a letter of authority from a tax services office in order for you to reduce the amount of tax you deduct from the remuneration that you pay to the employee. For example, this would be the case if an employee makes deductible RRSP contributions during the year, or if an employee lives in one province or territory but works in another and will have too much tax deducted.

To get a letter of authority, the employee has to send Form T1213, Request to Reduce Tax Deductions at Source, or a written request to the appropriate Taxpayer Services Regional Correspondence Centre. For a complete list of these centres and their address, go to Where to send the request. The employee should include documents that support their position why less tax should be deducted at source. For example, if the employee regularly contributes to an RRSP in the year, they should provide documents to show the amounts they contribute.

Keep all letters of authority with your payroll records so our officers can review them.


Social Security And Medicare Withholding Rates

The current tax rate for social security is 6.2% for the employer and 6.2% for the employee, or 12.4% total. The current rate for Medicare is 1.45% for the employer and 1.45% for the employee, or 2.9% total. Refer to Publication 15, , Employer’s Tax Guide for more information or Publication 51, , Agricultural Employers Tax Guide for agricultural employers. Refer to Notice 2020-65 PDF and Notice 2021-11 PDF for information allowing employers to defer withholding and payment of the employee’s share of Social Security taxes of certain employees.

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When To Deduct Ei Premiums

You have to deduct EI premiums from an employees insurable earnings if that employee is in insurable employment during the year.

Insurable employment includes most employment in Canada under a contract of service . There is no age limit for deducting EI premiums. Some employment outside Canada is also insurable .


If the employee is a student, you will have to deduct EI premiums for each type of remuneration that is insurable, as you would for any other employee.

Certain workers who are not employees might be considered to be in insurable employment. Examples are taxi drivers and drivers of other passenger-carrying vehicles, barbers and hairdressers, and fishers .

For more information about insurable earnings, go to Pensionable and insurable earnings.

Social Security Tax Withholding

Social Security and mortgage interest deductions on table.

For 2022, the Social Security tax wage base for employees will increase to $147,000. The Social Security tax rate for employees and employers remains unchanged at 6.2%. The combined Social Security and Medicare tax rate for employees and employers remains unchanged at 7.65%. Medicare tax will also apply to all wages in excess of $147,000 and will be imposed at a rate of 1.45% for both employees and employers.

The earnings base for self-employment tax will also increase to $147,000 with an effective rate of 15.3%. Medicare tax will continue to apply on all self-employment income in excess of $147,000 at an effective rate of 2.9%. No self-employment tax is payable if annual net earnings are less than $400.

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Wages In Lieu Of Termination Notice

When you pay an employee an amount in lieu of termination notice under the terms of an employment contract or federal, provincial or territorial employment labour standards, the amount is considered employment income, whether or not it is paid on termination of the employment.

Deduct CPP contributions, EI premiums, and income tax. To determine the amounts to deduct, include the wages in lieu of termination notice with the regular income, if any, for the pay period.

Use the bonus method that we explained under Bonuses, retroactive pay increases, or irregular amounts to determine the amount of tax to deduct from the wages in lieu of termination notice.

For more information, see archived Interpretation Bulletin IT-365, Damages, Settlements and Similar Receipts.

Line : Amount Paid With Extension To File

Enter the amount on line 10 of Schedule 3 if you asked for an automatic extension to file your tax return by submitting Form 4868 to the IRS, and if you made a payment when you sent in the form. This, too, transfers with the total from lines 9 through 12z to line 31 of your 1040.

You can skip this line if you didn’t file for an extension or didn’t make a payment with your extension.

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Paying Taxes On Social Security

You should get a Social Security Benefit Statement each January detailing the benefits that you received during the previous tax year. You can use it to determine whether you owe federal income tax on your benefits. The information is available online if you enroll on the Social Security website.

If you owe taxes on your Social Security benefits, you can make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS or have federal taxes withheld from your payouts before you receive them.

How To Appeal A Payroll Assessment Or A Cpp/ei Ruling

How To Calculate Federal Income Taxes – Social Security & Medicare Included

If you receive a payroll assessment because your payment was not applied to your account correctly, before you file an appeal, we recommend that you call Business Enquiries at 18009595525 or write to your National Verification and Collection Centre to discuss it. Many disputes are resolved this way and can save you the time and trouble of appealing.

If you do not agree with a payroll assessment for CPP contributions, EI premiums, or income tax, or you have received a CPP/EI ruling letter and you disagree with the decision, you have 90 days after the date of the notice of assessment or notification of the ruling to appeal.

To appeal a CPP/EI ruling decision or payroll deductions assessment, you can choose one of the following:

  • Access My Business Account, if you are a business owner, and select Register a formal dispute for your payroll program account.
  • Access Represent a Client. If you represent a business, select Register a formal dispute for a payroll program account. If you represent an individual, select Register my formal dispute, and then select CPP/EI ruling in the subject area.
  • Access My Account for Individuals, if you are an individual, select Register my formal dispute, and select CPP/EI ruling in the subject area.
  • Write to the chief of appeals at:

CPP/EI Appeals Division451 Talbot StreetLondon ON N6A 5E5

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Are You A New Remitter

If you are a new employer or you have never remitted Canada Pension Plan contributions, employment insurance premiums, or income tax deductions before, you must apply for a business number and register for a payroll program account with us, if you dont already have one. See Chapter 1 for registration and general information on your responsibilities. If you need help calculating or remitting your deductions, call 1-800-959-5525.

Even if you do not have a payroll program account, you still have to send your remittance by the due date. Send your first remittance by mail to one of the National Verification and Collection Centres listed at the end of this guide.

Make the payment payable to the Receiver General, and include a letter stating the following information, as applicable:

  • you are a new remitter or this is your first remittance
  • the period the remittance covers
  • you need to open a payroll program account
  • your complete business name, address, and telephone number

The CRA will send you a remittance form in the mail after it registers your account for your next remittance. If you do not receive a form in time for your next remittance, send in your remittance as described above. In your letter, tell us that you did not receive your remittance form.

New employers are considered regular remitters. Send your remittance monthly unless the CRA tells you to remit using a different frequency. For more information, see the next section.

Calculating Income Tax Deductions

To determine the amount of income tax to deduct, use one of the following tools:

  • the Payroll Deductions Online Calculator
  • the Payroll Deductions Tables
  • the Payroll Deductions Supplementary Tables
  • the Payroll Deductions Formulas

To find out which method is best for you, see Payroll Deductions Tables.


Even if the period of employment for which you pay a salary is less than a full pay period, you must continue to use the tax deductions table that corresponds to your regular pay period.

You can also use a manual method to calculate your employees income tax deductions. For more information, see the instructions in the section called Step-by-step calculation of tax deductions in Section A of the Guide T4032, Payroll Deductions Tables.

You have to deduct tax according to the claim code that corresponds to the total personal amount the employee claims on Form TD1. If an employee states that their total expected income from all sources will be less than the total amount claimed, do not deduct any federal, provincial or territorial tax. However, if you know this statement is false, you have to deduct tax on the amounts you pay. For more information, see Claim codes. If you need advice, call 1-800-959-5525.

Tax deductions on other types of income

For tax deductions on other types of income, such as bonuses, directors fees, and retiring allowances, see Chapter 6.

Labour-sponsored funds tax credits

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How And Why The Social Security Tax Is Levied

Social Security is a payroll tax that is used to fund Social Security benefits. For most people, the tax is withheld from your paycheck with an equal amount paid by your employer. Others, such as self-employed individuals, typically pay their own Social Security tax as both the employee and the employer.

Today, the tax requires employees to pay 6.2% of qualifying earnings. Your employer matches that 6.2%. This results in a total contribution of 12.4% of your qualifying earnings. The taxes get paid into a trust fund that is used to pay for Social Security benefits for current recipients.

How Fica Tax And Tax Withholding Work In 2021


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Payroll taxes, including FICA tax or withholding tax, are what your employer deducts from your pay and sends to the IRS, state or other tax authority on your behalf. Here are the key factors, and why your tax withholding is important to monitor.

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Withholding On 1099 Income

Income tax isn’t withheld from 1099 income in most cases, but some income sources from which it might be include:

  • 1099-G, box 4: Withholding on unemployment income
  • 1099-R, box 4: Withholding on retirement income
  • SSA-1099, box 6: Withholding on Social Security benefits
  • 1099-INT, box 4: Withholding on interest income
  • 1099-DIV, box 4: Withholding on dividend income
  • 1099-NEC, box 4: Withholding on miscellaneous and non-employee compensation

Employees Profit Sharing Plan

An employees profit sharing plan is an arrangement that allows an employer to share profits with all or a designated group of employees. Under an EPSP, amounts are paid to a trustee to be held and invested for the benefit of the employees who are beneficiaries of the plan.

Each year, the trustee is required to allocate to such beneficiaries all employer contributions, profits from trust property, capital gains and losses, and certain amounts in respect of forfeitures.

Report payments from EPSPs on a T4PS slip instead of a T4 slip. You must show on the T4PS slip if the employee is a specified employee: one who is dealing with the employer in a non-arms length relationship, or who has a significant equity interest in their employer or a company related to their employer. If the amount paid to the specified employee is more than 20% of that employees total income for the year from employment with the employer, a tax will apply to the exceeding amount.

For more information, go to Employees profit sharing plan .

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How Are Social Security And Medicare Taxes Figured For Self Employment

You figure self-employment tax yourself using Schedule SE . Social Security and Medicare taxes of most wage earners are figured by their employers. Also, you can deduct the employer-equivalent portion of your SE tax in figuring your adjusted gross income. Wage earners cannot deduct Social Security and Medicare taxes.

Canadas Social Security Agreements With Other Countries

Here’s how to check if someone else filed taxes with your social security number

Canada has reciprocal social security agreements with other countries. These agreements ensure that only one plan covers an employeethe CPP or a foreign social security plan.

To find out which country has CPP coverage provisions with Canada and to get the specific CPT application form number, see Appendix 4.

You can get an application form for coverage or for extending coverage under the CPP by going to Forms and publications.

For additional information, go to Canadas international social security agreements.


If you have questions about coverage under the QPP in other countries, send them to the following address:

Bureau des ententes de sécurité socialeRégie des rentes du Québec1055 René-Lévesque Blvd. East, 13th FloorMontréal QC H2L 4S5

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Control Your Taxes Now & Later

The longer you wait to claim Social Security benefits, the better chance you’ll have to boost the overall tax efficiency of your retirement income plan. Here’s how.

Drawing down traditional tax-deferred assets before collecting Social Security can enable you to control both your current and future taxes.

The amount you withdraw from a traditional IRA, for example, lowers your account balance, which may reduce your future required minimum distributions .

Since your RMD is considered ordinary income, having smaller distributions while you’re collecting benefits may reduce the taxes on your benefitsor keep you from paying taxes altogether.

In addition, managing your retirement income in this way can also help you qualify to pay lower Medicare parts B and D premiums, which are income-based.

How To Make A Remittance

If you make a payment that your financial institution does not honour , we will charge you a fee.

Online payment methods

Online or telephone banking

Most financial institutions let you set up payments to be sent to the Canada Revenue Agency on pre-set dates. Businesses have to make their remittances using a business bank account. If you are remitting, your options will display according to the business number provided, for example, corporations tax, GST/HST, payroll deductions, non-residents.

Make sure you correctly enter your payroll program account number and the period the remittance covers. For help remitting your payroll deductions through online banking, contact your financial institution.

My Payment

My Payment is an electronic payment service offered by the CRA that uses Visa Debit®, Debit MasterCard®, or Interac® Online to allow businesses to make payments directly to the CRA from their bank account. Your transaction total cannot be more than the daily withdrawal limit that your financial institution set.

Use this service to make a payment to one or more CRA accounts, from your personal or business account, in one simple transaction. For more information, go to My Payment.

Pre-authorized debit

For more information, go to Pay by pre-authorized debit.

Third-party service provider

You may be able to make your payments through a third-party service provider. The third-party provider will send your business payments and remittance details to the CRA electronically.


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Security Options On Pier Listings

The PIER program checks security options reported as a non-cash taxable benefit in box 38 and box 14 on T4 slips because such a benefit is pensionable but not insurable. If this type of benefit is the only amount reported on a T4 slip, enter an X or a check mark in box 28 under EI. Do not place an X or a check mark in box 28 under CPP. This benefit is pensionable and CPP contributions are required.

Special Or Extra Duty Pay For Police Officers

How to Minimize Social Security Taxes

Police forces regularly allow their police officers to provide security and other special or extra duty services to third parties for events.

We consider a third party that pays special or extra duty pay to police officers to be their employer. The third party has to do all of the following:

  • withhold CPP contributions, EI premiums, and income tax from SEDP when the payment is made to a police officer
  • remit these deductions to us
  • report the SEDP and deductions on a T4 slip

However, we administratively allow the individual police forces, who are the regular employers of the police officers in question, the option to assume these responsibilities instead.


If the police force does not assume the responsibility for withholding remitting, and reporting, it is the third partys responsibility to do this. In such a situation, the third party may have to put the police officer on payroll as a part-time employee.

Under the administrative option, the police force can take into account the CPP contributions and EI premiums previously deducted from the police officers regular salary and SEDP when determining the maximum CPP pensionable and EI insurable earnings for the year.

To determine how much income tax to deduct, the police force should use the method described under Bonuses, retroactive pay increases, or irregular amounts.

For more information, go to Police forces and extra duty.

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