Finding Your Social Security Number
If you find yourself thinking, What is my SSN, then one of the easiest ways to find it is by looking on existing documentation that you may already have. Believe it or not, your Social Security number is listed on many documents that you might already have in your possession. It is a nine-digit number that will usually contain two hyphens. First, try and locate your Social Security card. Your number will be plainly displayed there. If you cannot find your card, there is still hope.
You can still try some of these other documents that are likely to have your number on them. Look for some of your old tax returns. Your number will be listed typically on the first page of your tax return. You can also check your W-2 from your employer and maybe even your bank statements. Both of these documents are common places to find your SSN listed. If you still have no luck, check your drivers license. While most states no longer display your SSN on your license, it is worth a look. If you have an immigrant visa, then your USCIS Forms are the next place you should look. SSNs are common on your visa paperwork, so you can often find your number there. If you are unable to find your number anywhere you look, then youll need to contact the SSA to start the process of getting a replacement Social Security card.
How Do I Apply For A New Or Replacement Social Security Number Card
You can get an original Social Security card or a replacement card if yours is lost or stolen. There is no charge for a Social Security card.
You can use a my Social Security account to request a replacement Social Security card online if you:
- Are a U.S. citizen age 18 years or older with a U.S. mailing address.
- Are not requesting a name change or any other change to your card.
- Have a driver’s license or a state-issued identification card from one of the many participating states. If your state does not yet participate in this service, check back soon. More states are added regularly.
If you cannot apply for a card online, you will need to provide the required documents. We need to see different documents depending on your citizenship and the type of card you are requesting. See Learn What Documents You Need to find out what documents you will have to show. Fill out and print an Application for a Social Security Card and contact your local Social Security office or your local Social Security Card Center to find out your submission options.
Note: If you are a U.S. Citizen, applying for a replacement SSN card, and choose to mail your application to your local office, you may use original or certified copies of secondary proofs of identity such as:
If You Are Adopting A Child
If the child you are adopting is a United States citizen, your child may have a Social Security number already. But if you are adopting domestically and your child does not have one, you can obtain an Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number to claim child-related tax breaks while your child’s adoption is pending. To apply for one, complete IRS Form W-7A, Application for Taxpayer Identification Number for Pending U.S. Adoptions. The ATIN will be valid for only two years, at which point you can extend it if your child’s adoption is still not final. Once the adoption is final, you must stop using the ATIN and get a Social Security number for your child following the process described above.
If you are adopting a child from another country, you will have to wait until the adoption is final and your child has entered the United States before you can obtain a Social Security number for your child. Once that happens, you can use the process described above.
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Us Citizen Or Resident Alien
To claim the EITC, you and your spouse must be U.S. citizens or resident aliens.
If you or your spouse were a nonresident alien for any part of the tax year, you can only claim the EITC if your filing status is married filing jointly and you or your spouse is a:
- U.S. Citizen with a valid Social Security number or
- Resident alien who was in the U.S. at least 6 months of the year youre filing for and has a valid Social Security number
For Families Whose Child Arrived On An Ir
Wait until your childs Certificate of Citizenship is received. This will arrive automatically in your mail in your first months home.
Visit your local social security office and apply for a social security card. Since different offices sometimes ask for different items, it is best to bring all adoption related paperwork with you. Definitely include your childs foreign adoption decree, foreign birth certificate and/or abandonment certificate, foreign or US passport, Certificate of Citizenship, and a photo ID for yourself . Your child should be present. Please note that if your childs adoption decree, foreign passport, and certificate of citizenship do not accurately reflect the name you have chosen for your child, you will need to make a second trip to the social security office once you have a US decree and/or birth certificate noting the name change. Social Security will simply change the name associated with the number, not the number itself. You obviously also have the option of simply waiting to apply until you have the name change.
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How Can I Find My Childs Social Security Number Online
You probably will not be able to find your childs number anywhere online. If you have claimed them as a dependent on your previous tax returns, you will be able to find their SSN there. If not, then you will need to contact the Social Security Administration so that they can advise you on the proper steps for requesting a replacement card for your child.
I Can’t Remember My Child’s Social Anyway We Can Look It Up
If you had your child as a dependent on a previous tax return, you can find their SS number there.
Otherwise, you need to Contact the Social Security Administration at www.ssa.gov.
Social Security numbers are confidential information, so they are not available online, except from some fee-based services that I don’t think that I would trust.
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Check If Your Child Has A Credit Report
Generally, a child under 18 wont have a credit report unless someone is using his or her information for fraud. A good way to find out if someone is using your childs information to commit fraud is to check if your child has a credit report. To do that, contact the three credit bureaus and ask for a manual search for your child’s Social Security number. You may have to give the credit bureaus a copy of
- your drivers license or other government-issued identification card
- proof of your address, like a utility bill, or a credit card or insurance statement
- your childs birth certificate
- your childs Social Security card
If youre not the childs parent, you may have to give the credit bureaus a copy of documents that prove you are the childs legal guardian.
When Your Child Turns 16
When your child turns 16, you may want to check if theres a credit report in his or her name. This could help you spot identity theft, since children under 18 usually dont have a credit report. If theres inaccurate information in your childs credit report, youll have time to correct it before he or she applies for a job, a college loan, a car loan, or a credit card, or tries to rent a place to live.
Getting A Social Security Number For A New Baby
The easiest way to get a Social Security number for your child is at the hospital after they are born when you apply for your childs birth certificate. If you wait to apply for a number at a Social Security office, there may be delays while SSA verifies your childs birth certificate.
Your child will need their own Social Security number so you can:
- Claim your child as a dependent on your income tax return
- Open a bank account in their name
- Get medical coverage for them
- Apply for government services for them
Keep your Social Security card in a safe place to protect yourself from identity theft.
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Get Ssa Benefits While Living Overseas
U.S. citizens can travel to or live in most, but not all, foreign countries and still receive their Social Security benefits. You can find out if you can receive benefits overseas by using the Social Security Administrations payment verification tool. Once you access the tool, pick the country you’re visiting or living in from the drop-down menu options.
How Can I Find My Foster Childs Social Security Number To Include In My Tax Return The Social Worker Wont Provide It
Did your tax preparer or the IRS tell you that you qualify to take a tax deduction for your foster child?
The answer should be YES, if you meet these simple requirements:
child was continuously in your care for at least six months of the tax year
child is under age 19
child is an American citizen with a valid social security number .
For in-depth information on how to claim your foster child on your taxes, for the Internal Revenue Service Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction and Filing Information.
If you dont see your foster childs SSN anywhere in papers you were given by the social worker, placing agency, childs attorney or medical providers , you will need to obtain the SSN in order to claim a tax deduction.
Ask the childs social worker for the childs SSN well before tax season. That way, there will be plenty of time if needed to pursue your right to know the SSN if your initial request for it is deniedas too often happens.
There is no federal law or regulation preventing child welfare agencies from disclosing to foster parents the social security number of a child in their care so they can list those numbers on their tax returns. Some states actively assist foster parents seeking their foster childs SSN. New York, for example, provides foster parents with a simple one-page request form that does not need a judges approval:
How Long Does It Take To Get My Baby’s Social Security Card That I Applied For In The Hospital
Each state or jurisdiction has different processing times. See the chart below to find out how long your state takes to process the card application. If you waited the indicated length of time and still have not received your child’s Social Security card, visit your local Social Security office. You also can call us at 1-800-772-1213 , 8:00 am 7:00 pm, Monday through Friday. If you live outside the United States, refer to Service Around the World.Keep your child’s Social Security card in a safe place with other important documents. Do not carry it with you.The chart below shows the time it takes for each state to send the application and paperwork to Social Security. Allow an additional two weeks for Social Security to send the card in the mail.Social Security Card Application at Birth: Average Processing Times by State in Weeks For the period 4/1/2021 through 6/25/2021.
Where Can I Find My Social Insurance Number
- On your SIN card or confirmation letter: Service Canada used to issue SINs in plastic card format, however presently, they are issued in paper format. Check your records for either your card or confirmation letter.
- On CRA documents: Your SIN is used to identify you with the Canada Revenue Agency so youll find your SIN number on the first page of your tax returns and on any other documents or correspondence from the CRA.
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Valid Social Security Number
To qualify for the EITC, everyone you claim on your taxes must have a valid Social Security number . To be valid, the SSN must be:
- Valid for employment
- Issued before the due date of the tax return you plan to claim
For the EITC, we accept a Social Security number on a Social Security card that has the words, “Valid for work with DHS authorization,” on it.
For the EITC, we dont accept:
- Individual taxpayer identification numbers
- Adoption taxpayer identification numbers
- Social Security numbers on Social Security cards that have the words, “Not Valid for Employment,” on them
For more information about the Social Security number rules for the EITC, see Rule 2 in Publication 596, Earned Income Credit.
How To Get A Social Security Card
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Replacing Your Child’s Missing Birth Certificate
If you have lost a birth certificate, it may take a bit longer to get a replacement. You will need to write or visit the “Registry of Vital Records and Statistics” in the state where your child was born.
In Massachusetts, this office is in Dorchester and charges $18 if you apply in person and $28 if you apply by mail. You can find your child’s birth state office information by searching for “replace birth certificate” online.
Apply For A Social Security Number For Immigrants
Apply for an SSN with your immigrant visa
Your may request a Social Security card as part of your visa application. When filing Form DS-230 or Form DS-260 , there is option to request a Social Security number. If you have selected this option, you do not need to submit a special application or go to a Social Security office to get a card.
The Social Security Administration will assign you an SSN and issue you a card after you arrive in the United States. They will mail the card to the same U.S. mailing address where the Department of Homeland Security will send your green card. You should receive your Social Security card within 3 to 4 weeks after you arrive in the United States. If you do not receive the card by mail, contact the Social Security at 1-800-772-1213.
Apply for an SSN when filing Form I-765
Your may be able to apply for a Social Security Number at the same time you apply for employment authorization. If you need to file Form I-765 with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services , you can request an SSN at the same time. Many adjustment of status applicants or DACA recipients use this method to request a Social Security Number.
New Infants And Social Security Numbers
If you have an infant, it’s possible that he doesn’t have a Social Security number yet. To get him a Social Security number, you need to complete an Social Security application form. When your child is born, the hospital can provide you with a birth registration form that you can complete while the mother is a patient. If you weren’t able to get a birth registration form at the hospital, you can obtain Form SS-5, Application for Social Security Number, from the Social Security website or a local Social Security office.
According to Nolo, it normally takes from six to 12 weeks to receive your child’s Social Security card. The process may take a little longer if the child is more than one year old. If you don’t have the card by April 15, Forbes contributor Kelly Phillips recommends that you file for a six month tax extension. If you don’t get a Social Security number by the extension due date, you’ll need to file a tax return if you want to avoid late fees and penalties. Although you won’t be able to claim your child as a dependent without the Social Security number, you can amend the return and claim the deduction once that information finally arrives.
Qualifying Widow Or Widower
To file as a qualifying widow or widower, all the following must apply to you:
- You could have filed a joint return with your spouse for the tax year they died. It does not matter if you filed a joint return.
- Your spouse died less than 2 years before the tax year youre claiming the EITC and you did not remarry before the end of that year
- You paid more than half the cost of for the year
- You have a child or stepchild you can claim as a relative. This does not include a foster child.
- This child lived in your home all year, except for temporary absences. Note: There are exceptions for a child who was born or died during the year and for a kidnapped child. For more information, see Qualifying Child Rules, Residency.
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