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How To Get Social Security Number For Non Us Citizen

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Can Non Citizens Receive & Collect Social Security Benefits

Has it become too much work to remain a U.S. citizen? Has the time come to renounce U.S. citizenship? Would you be a “covered expatriate” if you renounced? Subject to the “Exit Tax”? via

John Richardson lawyer for “U.S. persons” abroad

Click here if you need help with the process of renouncing U.S. citizenship.

Why do some Canadians wish to have a U.S. Social Security number?

How to get a US Social Security Number in Canada A step by step guide

John Richardson lawyer for “U.S. persons” abroad

Many Canadians are in the process of coming into U.S. tax compliance. One might ask:Why would a Canadian citizen residing in Canada wish to come into U.S tax compliance?

There are two reasons why Canadian citizen/residents file U.S. tax returns:

1. They have learned that they are U.S. citizens or learned about U.S. citizenship taxation and they wish to file U.S. taxes and/or

2. They have learned that they are U.S. citizens and wish to come into U.S tax compliance to renounce U.S. citizenship and avoid covered expatriate status .

Regardless of the motivation, one must do considerable work for the privilege of filing U.S. taxes.

Does having a U.S. Social Security number make me a U.S. citizen?

No. A U.S. Social Security Number is a TIN . All U.S. citizens are required to use a Social Security Number as their TIN. But, some non-citizens will also have a Social Security number as their TIN.

To put it another way:

You May Qualify For Social Security Retirement Benefit Even If You Don’t Earn Enough Work Credits In The Us

As of today, U.S. government has established bilateral Social Security agreements with 26 counties in the world. These agreements, often called “Totalization agreements”, are intended to avoid double Social Security taxation on the same earnings and make it easier for people working in different countries to qualify for Social Security benefits. It allows you to combine your work credits earned in the U.S. with the credits earned from one of the 26 countries together to qualify for Social Security benefits in either country. You need to have at least 6 U.S. credits to use this method to get a partial benefit in the U.S.

You could find all the details about these international Social Security agreements including a list of 26 countries here.

Social Security Administrations User

The Social Security Administration web site provides clear and reader-friendly information: www.ssa.gov/ssnumber. All applications for SSNs, whether original, replacement, or for change of name or data, use the same form, the SS-5 form . The different purposes may occasion differing degrees of documentation.

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What Documents Will The Ssa Accept

You can use your foreign birth certificate to prove your age when applying for a non-citizen Social Security card. But, if you dont have it, you may also be able to use your valid passport or DHS issued document that shows your date of birth.

You must show your unexpired foreign passport to prove your identity. However, there are a few different documents you can use to show your authorization to work. The SSA will accept your:

  • Lawful Permanent Resident Card
  • Admission stamp showing a work-authorized class of admission
  • Arrival/Departure Record
  • Employment Authorization Document

How To Get A Social Security Number And Card

A Step

Obtaining a social security number in the United States takes different steps depending on your situation. You will have to be 18 years or older to be eligible to get a social security number.

Immigrants can apply for social security numbers in one of two ways which include:

Visiting a social security office in person

Asking for an SSN in your home country before moving to the United States. In most instances, going this route relinquishes you from visiting the social security office in the US.

The non-immigrants also have two ways of applying for a social security number:

  • Being lawfully present in the US with a visa that allows you to work. This website provides additional info about the work visa.
  • Being legally present in the US and intend to apply for work authorization

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What You Need To Apply For An Ssn As A Non

First, you must prove your identity to the social security officers and valid work-authorized immigration status. You will need to provide your current US immigration documents and unexpired foreign passport to the security office for document filing.

Before you acquire a social security number in the United States, you must verify your age by presenting your foreign birth certificate. If, however, you do not have it in your possession at the time, then you are required to submit it within ten business days after application. If not, then the SSN office can consider assessing other documents which may include your unexpired passport or any other document that has been issued by the DHS as evidence to prove your age.

You Can Claim If You Earn Enough Work Credits Even From Other Nations

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        Legal immigrants who meet the Social Security Administration requirements for work creditsor who earned the equivalent of Social Security credits through their work history in their previous countrycan receive benefits in the U.S. Social Security benefits include payments to qualified retirees or those with disabilities and survivor benefits for the spouse and children of a deceased worker. This article explains how immigrants to the United States can qualify for Social Security benefits.

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        Getting A Social Security Card

        To work in the United States, you will need a Social Security card that has your Social Security number. You can find general information about Social Security cards by reading our online publication,Social Security Numbers For Non-Citizens.

        There are several ways to get a Social Security card:

        • The easiest way is to apply for a card as part of the immigration process in your home country before you come to the United States. You can do this when filing an application for an immigrant visa with the U.S. Department of State. For information on how to use this process, readSocial Security Numbers And Immigrant Visas.
        • If you did not get a Social Security card as part of the immigration process, read New Or Replacement Social Security Number Card to find out how to get one in the United States.
        • If you are lawfully present in the United States and plan to apply for work authorization, you can apply for both work authorization from the Department of Homeland Security , U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and request a Social Security card from Social Security at the same time. For more information on this process, read Apply For Your Social Security Number While Applying Your Work Permit.

        Eligibility For A Social Security Number

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        Temporary workers and those in non-immigrant visa status who are authorized to work in the United States by the Department of Homeland Security can get a Social Security number .

        Social Security numbers are used to report wages to the government and to determine a persons eligibility for Social Security benefits. A Social Security number is needed to work and to collect Social Security benefits.

        Only non-citizens authorized to work in the U.S. are eligible for a Social Security number.

        Those with a non-employment based temporary visa without authorization to work in the U.S. are not permitted to apply for a social security number.

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        Eligibility For Survivors Benefits

        If you have a deceased spouse who qualified for Social Security benefits, you may be eligible for Social Security survivor benefits. Typically, you need to be at least 60 years old, and your deceased spouse must have accumulated 40 work credits. The rules are more lenient if minor children are also survivors, or if you or your children are disabled. Surviving divorced spouses may also qualify.

        The benefit amount depends on your age and your spouses work history. Your survivor benefits may be reduced if youre working or if you remarry. You dont have to qualify for Social Security benefits on your own to be eligible for survivor benefits. The basic rules that apply to U.S. citizens for survivor benefits are generally the same for legal immigrants.

        How To Simplify The Application Process

        Feeling overwhelmed already? We know the Social Security card application process can be hard to navigate. Thats why we formed a team of Social Security experts and developed a simple, 3-step application process. Were here to walk you through every step of the process. So you can get your Social Security card as quickly and easily as possible. Weve simplified and streamlined the application. And we make sure that your information is accurate before its submitted. We also do all the work to determine which documents you will need to show. So you can get your application approved the first time. to start your application, so you can get your SSN and get to work.

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        Foreign Persons And Irs Employer Identification Numbers

        Foreign entities that are not individuals and that are required to have a federal Employer Identification Number in order to claim an exemption from withholding because of a tax treaty , need to submit Form SS-4 Application for Employer Identification Number to the Internal Revenue Service in order to apply for such an EIN. Those foreign entities filing Form SS-4 for the purpose of obtaining an EIN in order to claim a tax treaty exemption and which otherwise have no requirements to file a U.S. income tax return, employment tax return, or excise tax return, should comply with the following special instructions when filling out Form SS-4. When completing line 7b of Form SS-4, the applicant should write “N/A” in the block asking for an SSN or ITIN, unless the applicant already has an SSN or ITIN. When answering question 10 on Form SS-4, the applicant should check the “other” block and write or type in immediately after it one of the following phrases as most appropriate:

        “For W-8BEN Purposes Only””For Tax Treaty Purposes Only””Required under Reg. 1.1441-1″”897 Election”

        To expedite the issuance of an EIN for a foreign entity, please call . This is not a toll-free call.

        How Social Security Taxes Work

        Learn How A Non

        To be eligible for Social Security benefits, youll pay a 6.2% Social Security tax on your earnings as an employee up to the annual maximum, which is $142,800 in 2021 and $147,000 in 2022. Your employer kicks in another 6.2%. However, if youre self-employedfor example, you’re a contractor or freelance workerthe calculation is different. In the eyes of the government, you are both the employee and the employer, so you must pay both halves.

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        Get A Social Security Number

        To qualify for Social Security as a legal immigrant, you must have a Social Security number . Many people apply for one during the immigration process or are able to visit a Social Security office in person to complete this process. This will require filling out Social Security Form SS-5.

        Legal immigrants also need a Social Security number to be hired by any law-abiding employer in the United States. The employer will then report your wage earnings to the federal government under your name and your SSN. That way, the Social Security Administration can connect work credits to individuals and make sure you receive the work credits and benefits you have earned.

        As Foreigners Who Is Eligible To Get An Ssn

        In general, only those foreigners who have been authorized by the Department of Homeland Security to work in the U.S. can get an SSN. Such foreigners including:

        • Lawful permanent residents
        • Foreign workers with valid working visa/status
        • Foreigners with valid Employment Authorization Document or
        • Foreigners with admission stamp showing permitting work classification.

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        What Is A Social Security Number

        A social security number is a nine-digit identification number given to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and non-immigrant working residents. Social Security numbers are needed to work in the United States, to collect Social Security benefits, and to be eligible for other social services.

        There are three different types of social security cards:

        1. The most common type of social security card has the persons name and social security number. This type is typically given to U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents.

        2. The second is designated for temporary workers or those with non-immigrant status. They are valid for employment with DHS authorization and can be used to satisfy I-9 eligibility requirements.

        3. The last type is issued only for tax purposes and cannot be used with the I-9 form or for employment.

        An I-9 Form is a government form used to verify an employee’s eligibility to work in the United States.

        Obtaining Social Security Cards For Foreign Nationals

        How to Get EIN without SSN (Non-US Residents)

        Generally, if a foreign national is in the U.S. in valid nonimmigrant status and in a classification that provides employment authorization, that individual will be able to obtain a Social Security Number , this would include individuals in H-1B, O, P, L, E or TN status as well as F-1 students who have obtained work authorization. Any dependents of that individual, however, will not be issued a number.

        Effective March 1, 2002, the Social Security Administration will no longer assign Social Security Numbers when the sole reason for needing an SSN is to comply with a State statute or organizational policy that requires an SSN. This includes issuance of a driver’s license, health insurance policies, bank accounts, etc. Basically, the SSA stopped issuing social security numbers to foreign nationals who requested them in order to obtain a drivers license or obtain other benefits. This policy change has hindered immigrants without work authorization from obtaining drivers licenses, opening bank accounts and using other services for which a social security number is required.

        At this time, to obtain a social security number the following is required:

        For those who are not eligible for an SSN, an Individual Temporary Identification Number can be obtained for tax purposes. Due to the SSAs policies on who is eligible for a SSN, this number may also assist in obtaining other items and benefits.

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        You May Need To Pay Taxes From Your Social Security Retirement Benefit

        When it comes to tax, non-U.S. citizens will be separated into two categories from the IRS perspective: resident aliens and nonresident aliens. You may have been informed that you need to pay taxes on up to 85% of your Social Security benefits based on your income and tax filing status. It is true for people living in the U.S. including resident aliens. However, for nonresident aliens, unless you are exempt or subject to a lower tax rate by treaty, you are generally subject to a flat 30% of tax withholding on 85% of your Social Security retirement benefits which is the equivalent of 25.5% of your monthly benefit amount. Unfortunately, based on the tax treaty table from IRS, China is not included in a treaty benefit on this. Not surprisingly, SSA has another “Nonresident Alien Tax Withholding Screening Tool” to help you find out whether they should withhold taxes from your Social Security benefits. You could also find some additional resources on SSA’s website here.

        Social Security is a very complex topic. It becomes even more complicated when Non-U.S. citizens are related. Mostly, it is very country specific. You may find tons of great resources on SSA’s website. For example, you will find a variety of calculators that can help you figure out how much you will get in the future. You are strongly recommended to contact SSA directly if you have any questions based on your particular situation.

        If You Leave The United States

        Legal immigrants to the U.S. should know how leaving the country affects benefits . Your Social Security record is permanent, so even if you dont work for a period of time, you move abroad, or you were not required to pay Social Security taxes at some point, the credits you earned previously will still be intact, Ishmurzina says.

        If you leave the U.S. after you start receiving any type of Social Security benefits, your benefits might be affected. If youre alternating between living in the United States and in another country, you may or may not be able to collect SSDI benefits, depending on your immigration status, how long you leave the U.S. for, and the other countries in which youre residing.

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