Thursday, May 12, 2022

How To Know My Social Security Number

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Do I Have To Give Out My Sin

How to Find a Social Security Number

You must give it to anyone who prepares information slips for you. Each time you do not give it when you are supposed to, you may have to pay a $100 penalty which is levied by the CRA. For this reason, it is important that if you receive any of these information slips that you check over the information on the slips, and if your SIN is missing or is incorrect, inform the slip preparer.

Your SIN is also used by the CRA when you make enquiries about your Income Tax, benefits such as the GST/HST Credit, Canada Child Benefit and other Government programs such as Employment Insurance , Canada Pension Plan , etc.

However, with the recent number of scams and fraudulent activity surrounding the CRA and identity theft, taxpayers should be vigilant when they receive, either by telephone, mail, text message or email, a fraudulent communication that claims to be from the Canada Revenue Agency requesting personal information such as a Social Insurance Number. More information on recognizing a scam and protecting yourself against fraud can be found here.

A complete list of who can ask for your SIN, as well as when you dont have to provide your SIN, can be found in this CRA document.

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When And Why You Need A Social Security Number

Anytime you get hired for a new job, your employer will ask for your Social Security number. Your employers accounting department will use this number to report your income to the Internal Revenue Service and to report your Social Security wages to the Social Security Administration.

Your employer will also use it for state income tax reporting unless your state doesnt have an income tax. Employers who participate in E-Verify, a program to make sure employees can legally work in the United States, also must obtain your Social Security number before you can begin work.

Below are some other common scenarios where youll need to provide your Social Security number.

If You Suspect Someone Is Using Your Sin

If you suspect that someone is using your SIN fraudulently, act quickly to prevent personal loss and minimize the negative impact.

  • File a complaint with the police. Ask for the case reference number and the officer’s name and telephone number. If you choose to obtain a copy of the police report, make sure it states your name and SIN.
  • Contact the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre at 1-888-495-8501. The national anti-fraud call centre is jointly managed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Ontario Provincial Police and Competition Bureau Canada. They provide advice and assistance about identity theft.
  • Ask for a copy of your credit report. Review it for any suspicious activity. Also check to see if your credit file should be flagged . To obtain additional information regarding fees and other requirements, please contact:
  • TransUnion: 1-800-663-9980
  • Inform your bank and creditors by phone and in writing about any irregularities.
  • Report any irregularities in your mail delivery to Canada Post, for example, opened envelopes, missing financial statements or documents.
  • Visit a Service Canada office and bring all the necessary documents with you proving fraud or misuse of your SIN. Also bring an original identity document . One of our officials will review your information and provide you with assistance and guidance.
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    Replacement Card For A Foreign Born Us Child

    You can replace your child’s Social Security card for free if it is lost or stolen. However you may not need to get a replacement card, knowing your childâs Social Security number is what’s important. You are limited to three replacement cards in a year and 10 during a lifetime. Legal name changes do not count toward these limits. Also, you may not be affected by these limits if you can prove you need the card to prevent a significant hardship.

    Important

    You must present original documents or copies certified by the agency that issued them. We cannot accept photocopies or notarized copies. All documents must be current . We cannot accept a receipt showing you applied for the document.

    How Can I Find My Childs Social Security Number Online

    Dont give your Social Security number at these places ...

    You probably will not be able to find your childs number anywhere online. If you have claimed them as a dependent on your previous tax returns, you will be able to find their SSN there. If not, then you will need to contact the Social Security Administration so that they can advise you on the proper steps for requesting a replacement card for your child.

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    Someone May Be Using Your Ssn

    Quick Links

  • Someones Got Your Number What Can You Do?
  • People can use your Social Security Number to access bank accounts, open new accounts, and more. If this is happening it may go undetected.

    A lot of times there are indications that something is amiss. These are the top five signs your information has been compromised.

    Obtaining A Social Security Number

    The Social Security Administration assigns nine-digit Social Security numbers to U.S. citizens, permanent residents and eligible nonimmigrant workers in the United States. SSA uses SSNs to report wages to the government, track Social Security benefits and for other identification purposes. Every F and M student who U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services grants employment authorization to needs an SSN.

    Please note: If an F or M student is ineligible to receive an SSN, but receives non-wage income while in the United States , they must apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number . For more information, please visit our What is an ITIN? resource page.

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    What Can Someone Do With Your Social Security Number

    You might be wondering, What can someone do with my Social Security number? The answer is that they can do a lot, and none of it is good. An identity thief who has access to your SSN can quickly cause lots of damage to your credit score and financial situation. The thief can obtain loans and credit cards in your name, file fraudulent tax returns, and even access your bank accounts and withdraw your money. Having access to your SSN allows for easy identity theft because it becomes easy for the thief to impersonate you at financial institutions.

    The ease of fraud makes Social Security numbers extremely valuable to a thief. This is one reason why there are so many scams out there that attempt to gain access to your SSN. Several government agencies like the Federal Trade Commission and others investigate these scams and attempt to stop them as quickly as possible.

    Corrected Card For A Us Born Adult

    How to Find Someone By Social Security Number

    If you legally change your name because of marriage, divorce, court order or any other reason, you need to tell Social Security so that you can get a corrected card. If you are working, also tell your employer. If you do not tell us when your name changes, it may:

    • Prevent your wages from being posted correctly to your Social Security record, which may lower the amount of your future Social Security benefits.
    • Cause delays when you file your taxes.

    Important

    We cannot accept photocopies or notarized copies. We cannot accept a receipt showing you applied for the document. All documents must be current .

    We may use one document for two purposes. For example, we may use your U.S. passport as proof of both citizenship and identity.

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    If An Organization Asks For A Sin And It Is Not Legally Required

    If you believe your SIN isn’t required, ask why it is being requested, how it will be used and with whom it will be shared.

    If your SIN is not required by law, explain that you prefer not to provide it. Offer different proof of identity.

    If the organization refuses to provide the product or service unless you provide your SIN, ask to speak to the person in charge. Many organizations don’t know about the appropriate uses of the SIN. Once they understand, they may willingly change their practices.

    If you are not satisfied with the organization’s response, you may formally complain to the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada or 1-800-282-1376. There is no fee for making a complaint to the Privacy Commissioner.

    You can also contact the organization’s industry association, ombudsman or complaint office. For example, the Canadian Marketing Association and the Canadian Banking Ombudsman handle customer complaints about their member companies.

    For more information on laws about your privacy and the Government of Canada, visit the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada.

    If You Have Been Victim Of Fraud

    You can ask for a new SIN only if you can prove that your SIN was used fraudulently.

    However, getting a new SIN will not necessarily protect you from fraud or identity theft. If someone else uses your old SIN as identification and the business does not check the person’s identity with the credit bureau, credit lenders may still ask you to pay the impostor’s debts. Each time, you will have to prove that you were not involved in the fraud.

    If we issue you a new SIN, you will need to contact all your financial institutions, creditors, pension providers and employers to ask them to update your files.

    Note: Service Canada cannot correct a credit file. It is up to you to contact your financial institution, report any discrepancies and have them resolved.

    If you have proof that someone else is using your SIN, an investigation is required.

    An indication that your SIN is being used fraudulently is when you receive a Notice of Reassessment from the Canada Revenue Agency concerning undeclared earnings. This means that another person has used your SIN for employment purposes or to receive other taxable income.

    You must visit your nearest Service Canada Centre with your original proof of identity documents and provide proof that another person has used your SIN.

    Here’s what you will need to provide to Service Canada if you suspect someone is using your SIN:

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    What Can I Do With A Social Security Number

    Of all stolen personal data, Social Security numbers are among the most valuable to identity thieves. A Social Security number can provide access to the rest of an individuals personal data, including date of birth, address, marital status and credit reports. A Social Security number can be used to open new credit cards and apply for loans.

    Replacement Card For A Noncitizen Adult

    Social Security Number Archives

    You can replace your Social Security card for free if it is lost or stolen. However, you may not need to get a replacement card, knowing your Social Security number is what’s important. You are limited to three replacement cards in a year and 10 during your lifetime. Legal name changes and other exceptions do not count toward these limits. Also, you may not be affected by these limits if you can prove you need the card to prevent a significant hardship.

    In general, only noncitizens who have permission to work from the Department of Homeland Security can apply for an SSN. If you do not have permission to work but need an SSN for other purposes, see “If you do not have permission to work” for further information.

    Enumeration Beyond Entry

    You may be eligible to apply using our automated process called Enumeration Beyond Entry if you are applying to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services for work authorization or lawful permanent resident status.

    If you are unable to use Form I-765 or Form I-485, you will need to contact your local Social Security field office to apply for an SSN replacement card.

    Important

    You must present original documents or copies certified by the agency that issued them. We cannot accept photocopies or notarized copies. All documents must be current . We cannot accept a receipt showing you applied for the document.

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    How Do Benefits Work And How Can I Qualify

    While you work, you pay Social Security taxes. This tax money goes into a trust fund that pays benefits to:

    • Those who are currently retired

    • To people with disabilities

    • To the surviving spouses and children of workers who have died

    Each year you work, youll get credits to help you become eligible for benefits when its time for you to retire. Find all the benefits Social Security Administration offers.

    There are four main types of benefits that the SSA offers:

    • Learn about earning limits if you plan to work while receiving Social Security benefits

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    Getting A Social Security Number For A New Baby

    The easiest way to get a Social Security number for your child is at the hospital after they are born when you apply for your childs birth certificate. If you wait to apply for a number at a Social Security office, there may be delays while SSA verifies your childs birth certificate.

    Your child will need their own Social Security number so you can:

    • Claim your child as a dependent on your income tax return
    • Open a bank account in their name
    • Get medical coverage for them
    • Apply for government services for them

    Keep your Social Security card in a safe place to protect yourself from identity theft.

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    Your Guide To Social Security Disability Video Hearings

    70-067, ICN 443300,

    If you are getting ready for a hearing before an administrative law judge, Social Security offers an efficient method using new technologyvideo hearings. With video hearings, we can make the hearing more convenient for you. Often an appearance by video hearing can be scheduled faster than an in-person appearance.

    Where Do I Report Fake Social Security Calls

    How To Find Someone’s Social Security Number | Lookup SSN by Name

    You should report fake Social Security calls to the Office of the Inspector General . You can use the Scam Reporting Form on their website to report these calls. Providing as much detail as possible will help the SSA investigate these calls and attempt to find the parties responsible for the calls. You can also notify the FTC of these calls, although they encourage you to make your report to the OIG. You can also report Social Security fraud to the OIG Social Security fraud hotline at 1-800-269-0271.

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    Apply For A Social Security Number For Immigrants

    Apply for an SSN with your immigrant visa

    Your may request a Social Security card as part of your visa application. When filing Form DS-230 or Form DS-260 , there is option to request a Social Security number. If you have selected this option, you do not need to submit a special application or go to a Social Security office to get a card.

    The Social Security Administration will assign you an SSN and issue you a card after you arrive in the United States. They will mail the card to the same U.S. mailing address where the Department of Homeland Security will send your green card. You should receive your Social Security card within 3 to 4 weeks after you arrive in the United States. If you do not receive the card by mail, contact the Social Security at 1-800-772-1213.

    Apply for an SSN when filing Form I-765

    Your may be able to apply for a Social Security Number at the same time you apply for employment authorization. If you need to file Form I-765 with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services , you can request an SSN at the same time. Many adjustment of status applicants or DACA recipients use this method to request a Social Security Number.

    Applying For A New Number Or Replacement Card

    The SSA may assign a new Social Security number to you if you are being harassed, abused, or are in grave danger when using the original number, or if you can prove that someone has stolen your number and is using it. You must provide evidence that the number is being misused, and that the misuse is causing you significant continuing harm.

    If you apply for a new Social Security number, you must prove

    • your age
    • your citizenship or lawful immigration status
    • your identity

    Getting a new Social Security number probably wont resolve all the problems related to the theft of your identity. Government agencies and some businesses may keep records under your original Social Security number. In addition, because credit reporting companies use Social Security numbers and other personal information to identify a persons credit file, using a new number doesnt guarantee a fresh start. But by being careful with your personal information and monitoring credit reports for fraudulent activity, you can limit the misuse.

    The SSA lets you apply for an original Social Security number or a replacement Social Security card for free. The application form and information about the supporting documents you need to apply are available online. The form takes just a few minutes to complete. But that hasnt stopped some websites from claiming that the process is complicated, confusing, and time-consuming, and offering to do it for you for a fee.

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    Can I Get A Replacement If Ive Lost My Sin

    • To replace your lost SIN, youll need to visit your local Service Canada branch. If you visit with all the appropriate documents, Service Canada will give you your SIN number on the spot.
    • If you live more than 100 km from a Services Canada branch or cannot visit a Service Canada branch because of a special situation, you can make a SIN request by mail. But, before mailing your SIN request, you must first get permission from Service Canada by calling 1-800-206-7218 .
    • Its important to note that you will only be issued a brand new SIN if you were the victim of identity theft or fraud. Check out Service Canadas Protecting your Social Insurance Number web page for details.

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