Structure Of Social Security Numbers
A Social Security Number consists of nine digits, commonly written as threefields separated by hyphens: AAA-GG-SSSS. The first three-digit field is called the”area number”. The central, two-digit field is called the “groupnumber”. The final, four-digit field is called the “serial number”.
The process of assigning numbers has been changed at least twice. Until 1965, only halfthe group numbers were used. Before 1972, numbers were assigned by field offices since1972, they have all been assigned by the central office. The order in which numbers wereassigned was changed in the 1972 transition. There may have been other changes, but it’sdifficult to get information on how things used to be done.
Use Of The Social Insurance Number
Canada established laws that restrict the use of SINs in income reporting and has a limited list of federal departments and programs that can collect Canadian citizens’ SINs, such as the Income and Health Care Programs, the Labour Adjustment Review Board, and the Rural and Native Housing Program.
Some private-sector companies, such as telecommunications firms and airlines, can also collect their customers’ SINs. Generally, Canadian law bars private companies from acquiring a customer’s SIN unless there is a specific and lawful reason .
Financial institutions that let customers earn investment income, such as credit unions and banks, can also collect SINs. If certain companies deny services to a customer for not providing a SIN, that customer can file a complaint with the Privacy Commissioner of Canada.
As with American SSNs, theft and misuse of SINs and the accompanying identity theft is a growing problem. A thief can use a stolen SIN to work illegally or to obtain credit, and the legitimate SIN owner could be requested to pay additional taxes for the income they didn’t receive or could have difficulty obtaining credit.
Citizenship And Social Security Numbers
Even though individuals are required to disclose their SSN under many circumstances in dealing with governmental entities, possession of an SSN is not a condition of U.S. citizenship. U.S. citizens are not required to be enumerated at birth.12 This is why regulations issued by the Social Security Administration regarding obtaining an SSN state that “n individual needing a social security number may apply for one by filing a signed form SS-5, ‘Application For A Social Security Number Card,’ … “13 Each individual determines when he or she needs a number based upon federal and state statutes requiring disclosure of an SSN.
In reality, it would be very difficult to work or engage in many activities in this country without an SSN. Virtually all tax matters require the disclosure of one’s SSN,14 as does participation in many government programs, and obtaining a driver’s license. While one may choose not to disclose an SSN in some circumstances, one may have to forgo a benefit. For example, a parent can refuse to provide an SSN for a child on an income tax form, but then the parent cannot claim a tax credit for that dependent child.15
Don’t Miss: When Should You Apply For Social Security
Czech Republic And Slovakia
The form is YYXXDD/SSSC, where XX=MM for male and XX=MM+50 for female , SSS is a serial number separating persons born on the same date and C is a check digit, but for people born before 1 January 1954 the form is without the check digit – YYXXDD/SSS. This enables the system to work until the year 2054. The whole number must be divisible by 11.
The system is raising privacy concerns, since the age and the sex of the bearer can be decoded from the number. Therefore, the birth number is considered a sensitive piece of personal information.
In a law that took place in the year 2004, a failsafe system has been implemented, where in case all valid serial numbers get depleted for a day, the number 20 gets added to the value of XX. This means that XX can get up to 32 for males, and 82 for females.
A Personal Identification Number in Denmark is used in dealings with public agencies, from health care to the tax authorities. It is also used as a customer number in banks and insurance companies. People must be registered with a CPR number if they reside in Denmark, if they own property or if they pay tax.
In Denmark, there has been a systematic registration since 1924, however it was in 1968 that the electronic CPR register was established.
Can I Verify My Social Security Number Online
Social Security Number Verifications Social Security offers three options to verify Social Security numbers: The Social Security Number Verification Service This free online service allows registered users to verify that the names and Social Security numbers of hired employees match Social Securitys records.
Recommended Reading: Social Security Point Check
How Do I Change My Work Status On My Social Security Card
Aug 26, 2021 ·You can apply for a Social Security number or replacement Social Security card at the same time you request work authorization using Form I-765 or lawful permanent residency using Form I-485 through the Enumeration Beyond Entry program.Once the Department of Homeland Securitys U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services approves your form, they will send us information from your …
The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection Disclosure And Confidentiality
While the social security number was first introduced as a device for keeping track of contributions to the Social Security program, its use has been expanded by government entities and the private sector to keep track of many other government and private sector records. Use of the SSN as a federal government identifier was based on Executive Order 9397, issued by President Franklin Roosevelt. Beginning in the 1960s, federal agencies started adopting the SSN as a governmental identifier, and its use for keeping track of government records, on both the federal and state levels, greatly increased.
Section 7 of the Privacy Act of 1974 provided some limits on compulsory divulgence of the social security number to government entities. However, exceptions in that statute and succeeding statutes resulted in only minimal restrictions on governmental usage of the SSN. Today, an individual needs an SSN to pay taxes, obtain a driverâs license, and open a bank account, among other things. The continued use of, and reliance on, SSNs by public and private sector entities and the potential for SSN misuse, including identity theft concerns, has led to increasing efforts by governmental entities to limit the use and disclosure of SSNs. However, no single federal law comprehensively regulates SSN collection and confidentiality.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Full Social Security Benefit Amount
List Of Social Security Area Numbers
List showing the geographical location of the first three digits of the Social Security numbers assigned in the United States and its territories from 1973 until June 25, 2011. Repeated numbers indicate that they have been transferred to another location or they’re shared by more than one location.
On June 25, 2011, the SSA changed the SSN assignment process to “SSN randomization”. SSN randomization affects the SSN assignment process. Among its changes, it eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, previously referred to as the Area Number, by no longer allocating the Area Numbers for assignment to individuals in specific states.
|SSN area number|
Does A Social Security Number Valid For Work Only With Dhs
Nov 03, 2014 ·Does a Social Security Number valid for work only with DHS authorization allow me to get a loan or build credit? I have had an EAD and SSN valid for work only with DHS authorization for about 2 months now and submitted my application for adjustment to Permanent Resident status about 5
Also Check: Full Social Security Benefit
Verifying If An Input String Is A Correct Social Security Number
Here is the Exact Instructions, but I have already done some of it. I will Write what I need help with at the bottom.
.I want to Write a program that reads in a social security number as a string in the format DDD-DD-DDDD where D is a digit.
.I need to Write a method: public static boolean validSSNto check whether a string is in the format of DDD-DD-DDDD. Before I do anything I have to check the length of the input string.
.It should be 11 characters long and anything else is invalid.
.I need to Write 2 boolean methods: isDigit and isDash to help check the format of the input and invoke them in the method body of validSSN.
.In the main method, I need to use a scanner objects nextLine method to read an entire line as a string invoke the validSSN method print the input and whether or not it is valid.
Here is what I have so far:
import java.util.Scanner public class lab14 public static boolean validSSN public static boolean isDigit public static boolean isDash}
So, I have written out the header for the main method, and the header for the boolean method that checks to see if there are 11 characters, a header for a boolean method that checks to see if the numbers are in the right place, and a header for a boolean method that checks to see if the dashes are in the right place. I have imported a Scanner method, and sent out for the user ti imput a social security number.
To Get A Drivers License
If you have an SSN, many states require that you have to provide it when you apply for a drivers license.
Non-citizens who dont have Social Security numbers are exempt from providing a Social Security number in many situations that normally require it, including getting a drivers license, registering for school, getting private health insurance, or applying for public assistance such as subsidized housing. The government doesnt like to give Social Security numbers to non-citizens who arent authorized to work in the United States. It says that even banks and credit companies usually cant require you to provide a Social Security number if you dont have one.
However, without this number, financial institutions wont be able to run a on you, which could make it difficult, if not impossible, to get a credit card or loan.
You May Like: Can I Locate Someone By Their Social Security Number
Obtain A Receipt Wait For Your Ssn Card
Anyone applying for a Social Security Number will receive a “receipt,” consisting of a form letter confirming that you have submitted an application. There are three different versions of this receipt, depending on circumstances:
- Your application is accepted and will take 10-14 days
- Your application is under processing and may take 1-3 months for review
- Your application has been rejected
If you got a receipt notice you are eligible to begin work. Show a copy of your receipt notice to your employer.
For more information, please see the following SSA publications:
How To Check If Someone Else Is Using Your Social Security
May 05, 2021 ·The most common way to catch unauthorized activity is by checking your credit information. If an account appears that you did not initiate, someone is using your Social Security number. You can check your credit score using a third-party service like Credit Karma or check with your credit card company to see if they have such a feature.
Why Should I Verify Names And Ssns Online
- Correct names and SSNs on W-2 wage reports are the keys to the successful processing of your annual wage report submission.
- It’s faster and easier to use than submitting your requests paper listings or using Social Security’s telephone verification option.
- Results in more accurate wage reports.
- Saves processing costs and reduces the number of W-2c’s.
- Allows Social Security to give the proper credit to your employees’ earnings record, which will be important information in determining their Social Security benefits in the future.
When To Avoid Using Your Social Security Number
Federal law basically lets anyone ask for your Social Security number, but that doesnt mean you need to give it out. You should use your Social Security number as infrequently as possible. Just because someone asks for it doesnt mean they truly need it.
For example, though most medical providers will ask for your SSN, you can leave the line asking for it blank when filling out medical paperwork, and often, no one will question it. Your doctors office and other businesses can use other information to identify you and keep track of your records. That said, while you can refuse to provide your SSN, the other party can also refuse to do business with you.
You also shouldnt carry your Social Security card around with you unless you will be using it for a specific purpose that day, such as when youre filling out paperwork to start a new job, and you have to show it to your employer as proof of citizenship .
You dont want to risk losing your card or having it stolen since thieves can use this number, in combination with your other personal data, to apply for credit, take out loans, get a job, or even get health care in your name, creating a potentially massive identity theft problem for you to clean up.
Instead, keep the card in a secure place at home or in a safe deposit box at the bank. If your card is lost or stolen, youll want to apply for a new one.
Also Check: Can I Get My Husband’s Social Security Card
Can You Request A Copy Of Your Personnel File At Work
In many states, employees have the right to view, or request a copy of, their personnel files. Your employer is required by law to document certain information about you, including your wages and hours, workplace injuries and illnesses, and tax withholding, as well as records of accrued vacation and other benefits.
Origin Of The Ssn And Federal Government Usage
The social security number was first introduced as a device for keeping account of contributions to the Social Security program. Through the years, however, the use of this identifying number has been expanded by government entities and the private sector to keep track of many other government and private sector records. In the view of some, a person’s SSN has attained the status of a quasi-universal personal identification number.1
Federal and state agencies collect and use SSNs to verify eligibility for and administer government programs that provide benefits and services. Private sector entities routinely obtain and use SSNs for a wide variety of purposes. Today one can be required to furnish one’s SSN to obtain a driver’s license, apply for public assistance, donate blood, or take out a loan. SSNs may also be used to access insurance records, track down student loan defaulters, compile direct marketing mailing lists, or identify convicted felons on lists of potential jurors.2 There is no single federal law that comprehensively regulates SSN collection and confidentiality.3
Recommended Reading: Social Security Benefits Us
Real Id Proof Of Social Security Number
REAL ID Proof of Social Security Number. You must provide your Social Security Number on the DC DMV DL/ID Card application. DC DMV will electronically verify the Social Security Number with the Social Security Administration. If the Social Security Number is verified, no additional documentation is required to prove your Social Security Number.
When Applying For A Federal Loan
The government will use your Social Security number to make sure youre eligible when you apply for a federal loan, such as a federal student loan. For example, to qualify for federal student loans, you must not be in default on another federal loan, you must have eligible citizenship or visitor status, and most male applicants must have registered with the Selective Service.
Other Federal Statutes Affecting Ssn Confidentiality
More recent enactments by Congress have provided increased confidentiality of SSNs in public records. Any SSNs and related records that are obtained by federal or state authorized persons pursuant to federal laws enacted on or after October 1, 1990 “shall be confidential, and no authorized person shall disclose any such social security account number or related record.”56 Penalties are provided for unauthorized willful disclosures of such confidential information.57
Widespread distribution of SSNs from state driver records has been curtailed since 1994 by Congress under the Driver’s Privacy Protection Act.58 Since its amendment in 2000,59 certain “highly restricted information” may not be disclosed by a state department of motor vehicles without the express consent of the individual, except under limited circumstances.60 The statute provides for both criminal punishment and a private cause of action for violations of its provisions.61
Another federal statute which provides some protection from SSN disclosures is the Freedom of Information Act .62 The FOIA requires federal agencies to generally make their records available to the public, unless a specific exemption applies. “Exemption 6” allows an agency to withhold records that would disclose information of a personal nature where “disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.”63
Social Security Numbers And Drivers Licenses
Many states require that you or your dependent have an SSN or have already applied for one before you apply for a driver’s license. In these states, if you or your dependents are not eligible to work but want to apply for a driver’s license, you must first apply for an SSN at the local SSA office and receive a Form SSA-L676, “Refusal to Process SSN Application.” To learn more, visit our Driving in the States page and talk with your DSO.
Student Resources Navigation
Recommended Reading: Locate Someone By Social Security Number