Thursday, May 19, 2022

What Will My Social Security Benefits Be When I Retire

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Whats Your Full Retirement Age

What Happens To My Social Security If I Retire Early?

Your benefit is calculated based on your full retirement age , according to the year you were born. Visit ssa.gov for more information about other factors that may affect your benefits.

65 if you were born before 1937

65+ if you were born between 1938 and 19421

66if you were born between 1943 and 1954

66+ if you were born between 1955 and 19592

67 if you were born after 1960

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Does Working After Full Retirement Age Increase Social Security Benefits

Working after full retirement age could increase your Social Security benefits. Your benefits are based on average wages over your 35 highest-earning years .

Even after you’ve reached full retirement age, and even if you’ve already claimed benefits, the Social Security Administration continues to recalculate your average annual wage to account for new income. If your earnings after FRA are higher than previous years and raise your average wage for your 35 top-earning years, your benefits could rise accordingly.

When Is It Worthwhile To Continue Working While On Social Security For Higher Benefits

In the end, whether or how beneficial it is to continue to work while on Social Security in order to generate higher Social Security benefits in the future depends heavily on two factors: what income replacement tier the Social Security recipient will be in and what the existing earnings history already was . Similar to the consequences of retiring early , the consequences vary depending on where the individual is in the AIME calculation.

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Pension Benefits Can Lower Earnings

Some pension plans offer a larger initial monthly benefit when you take early retirement the pension benefit then automatically goes down when you become eligible to draw on Social Security. If you are not aware of this, you may think you will get your full pension benefit plus Social Security.

Not all pensions work this way, so attend all classes or seminars offered by your employer to make sure you fully understand your pension and health benefits prior to taking early retirement. Ask plenty of questions, and set up a one-on-one appointment with a benefits advisor or HR person if you can.

In addition, if you worked in education or for the state or a government entity, be aware when you do begin your Social Security benefits that they may be less than what your statement shows due to something called the Windfall Elimination Provision and/or the Government Pension Offset.

For example, suppose your neighbor Lois worked as a teacher for 43 years, and in retirement she expects to get her pension plus $1,300 a month in Social Security. She will be shocked when she learns her Social Security will be less than $300 a month due to the government pension offset that applies if you get a pension for years of work where you were not covered under the Social Security system.

Children Can Also Collect Social Security Benefits

Ask Larry: Can I File And Suspend My Social Security ...

Minor children of Social Security beneficiaries can be eligible for benefits. Children up to age 18 and disabled children older than 18 may be able to receive up to half of a parent’s Social Security benefit. The disability must have occurred before the age of 22. The adult child can continue collecting the benefit even after the parent has died, as long as the disability prevents them from working.

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Tax Considerations For Social Security Benefits

How do these tax considerations affect when you should apply for Social Security benefits? At todays , they may not have much of an impact on most people. Still, tax rates and income thresholds can change, so its worth remembering that you will lose less of your Social Security to taxes if you are in a lower marginal tax bracket when you begin to collect.

You should also note that if you decide to return to work, even part-time, and arent yet at your FRA, your Social Security benefits may be temporarily reduced. The reduction is $1 for every $2 of earned income over $18,960 in 2021 . During the year when you reach your FRA, your benefits will be reduced by $1 for every $3 in income over $50,520 in 2021 until the month when you become fully eligible. That money isnt lost, however. The SSA will credit it to your record when you reach your FRA, resulting in a higher benefit.

Get Payments For An Ex

If you aren’t married, but you were in the past for at least 10 years, you may still be able to file for spousal or survivor benefits. They would be based on your ex-spouse’s earnings. Too many divorced people are not aware of their payment options based on an ex-spouse’s earnings record. Look at all of your options so that you can claim in a way that makes the most of your income when you retire.

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Number Of Credits Needed For Disability Benefits

To be eligible for disability benefits, you must meet a recent work test and a duration work test.

The number of credits necessary to meet the recent work test depends on your age. The rules are as follows:

  • Before age 24 – You may qualify if you have 6 credits earned in the 3-year period ending when your disability starts.
  • Age 24 to 31 In general, you may qualify if you have credit for working half the time between age 21 and the time you become disabled. As a general example, if you become disabled at age 27, you would need 3 years of work out of the past 6 years .
  • Age 31 or older – In general, you must have at least 20 credits in the 10-year period immediately before you become disabled.

The following table shows how many years of work credits you need to meet the duration of work test based on your age when your disability began. For the duration of work test, your work does not have to fall within a certain period. The table only provides an estimate of how many work credits you need. It does not cover all situations. If you are statutorily blind, you must only meet the duration of work test. When statutory blindness is involved, there is not a recent work test requirement.

NOTE: This table is an estimate only and does not cover all situations

If you become disabled…
9.5 years

Who Can Use The Retirement Estimator

How Do I Apply For My Social Security Retirement Benefits Online – Documents Needed To Apply For SSI

You can use the Retirement Estimator if you have enough Social Security credits to qualify for benefits and you are not:

  • Currently receiving benefits on your own Social Security record.
  • Waiting for a decision about your application for benefits or Medicare.
  • Age 62 or older and receiving benefits on another Social Security record.
  • Eligible for a Pension Based on Work Not Covered By Social Security.

If you are currently receiving only Medicare benefits, you can still get an estimate. For more information, read our publication Retirement Information for Medicare Beneficiaries.

If you cannot use the Retirement Estimator or you want a survivors or disability benefit estimate, please use one of our other benefit calculators.

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What If I Change My Mind

If you receive Social Security benefits at a reduced rate, but then change your mind, you have the option of withdrawing your application and paying back to the government what you’ve already received . Then, you could restart benefits at a later date to take advantage of a higher payout. But you are limited to one withdrawal per lifetime.

For example, let’s say you elected to receive early benefits at age 62, but then decided to go back to work at age 63. You could withdraw your Social Security application within the first 12 months of receiving benefits, pay back the years’ worth of benefits you received, go back to work, and then wait until a later age to restart your benefit checks at a higher level.

For important details about repaying benefits please read the SSA publication If You Change Your Mind.

Children Can Collect Social Security Benefits Too

Minor children of Social Security beneficiaries can be eligible for benefits. Children up to age 18 and disabled children older than 18 may be able to receive up to half of a parents Social Security benefit. The disability must have occurred before the age of 22. As long as the disability prevents the person from working, the adult child can continue collecting the benefit even after the parent has died.

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There Are Social Security Survivor Benefits For Spouses And Children

If your spouse dies before you, you can take a Social Security survivor benefit. However, that won’t be in addition to your own benefit. You must choose one or the other. If you are at full retirement age, that benefit is worth 100% of what your spouse was receiving at the time of his or her death .

A widow or widower can start taking a survivor benefit at age 60. However, the payment will be reduced because it’s taken before full retirement age. If you remarry before age 60, you are not eligible for a survivor benefit. If you remarry after age 60, you may be eligible for a survivor benefit based on your former spouse’s earnings.

Eligible children who are under age 18 or were disabled before age 22 can also receive a Social Security survivor benefit. It would be worth up to 75% of the deceased’s benefit.

What If I Delay Taking My Benefits

How Social Security Retirement Benefits Are Determined

If you retire sometime between your full retirement age and age 70, you typically earn a “delayed retirement” credit . For example, say you were born in 1955 and your full retirement age is 66 and 2 months. If you started your benefits at age 68, you would receive a credit of 8% per year multiplied by approximately two . This makes your benefit ~15% higher than the amount you would have received at age 66.

That higher baseline lasts for the rest of your retirement and serves as the basis for future increases linked to inflation. While it’s important to consider your personal circumstancesit’s not always possible to wait, particularly if you are in poor health or can’t afford to delaythe benefits of waiting can be significant.

If you decide to wait past age 65, you may still need to sign up for Medicare. In some circumstancesyour Medicare coverage may be delayed and cost more if you do not sign up at age 65.

Effect of late retirement on benefits

1.Represents Full Retirement Age based on DOB Jan. 2, 1955

2.PIA = The primary insurance amount is the basis for benefits that are paid to an individual

To review your situation, your annual Social Security statement will list your projected benefits at age 62, full retirement age, and age 70, assuming you continue to work and earn about the same amount until age 62, full retirement age, or age 70 before retiring. If you need a copy of your annual statement, you can request one from the Social Security Administration .

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Taxes On Your Benefits

Your Social Security benefits may be partially taxable if your combined income exceeds certain thresholds. Regardless of how much you make, the first 15% of your benefits are not taxed.

The SSA defines combined income using this formula:

  • Your adjusted gross income + nontaxable interest + half of your Social Security benefits = your combined income

If you file your federal tax return as an individual and your combined income is $25,000 to $34,000, then you may have to pay income tax on up to 50% of your benefits. If your combined income is more than $34,000, you may have to pay tax on up to 85% of your benefits.

If youre married, filing a joint return, and your combined income is $32,000 to $44,000, then you may have to pay income tax on up to 50% of your benefits. If your combined income is more than $44,000, you may have to pay tax on up to 85% of your benefits.

Early Retirement And Social Security

The estimates you see on your Social Security statement are based on working until that stated age. For example, if your Social Security statement says you will get $1,100 a month at age 62, that estimate assumes you’ll work until you turn 62.

The amount of benefits your statement says you will get at age 66 or 67 assumes you work until your 66th or 67th birthday. This means that if you take early retirement, your benefits are likely to be less than what you see on your statement.

Social Security benefits are calculated based on your highest 35 years of work history, with the highest 35 determined after each year of work has been indexed for inflation. If you take early retirement, and you do not have a full 35 years of work history, your Social Security benefits may be lower than if you were to continue to work for a longer time period.

If you didn’t work 35 years, Social Security will add zeros for each year you didn’t work. All of those zeros will bring down your average and reduce the size of your check.

Even if you retire early, be careful about taking your Social Security benefits at age 62 without doing an analysis first. In many cases, it is better to find other sources of funds to finance your early retirement so you can delay the start of your Social Security benefits. That can help protect you from running out of money later in life.

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Is Oregon A Good Place For Retirees

When you retire to Oregon, you can enjoy the best that the Pacific Northwest has to offer. The temperate weather and sublime scenery make it easy for active adults to get out and explore the great outdoors. Thriving cities in this state serve up great coffee in quirky coffee shops and boast a unique culture.

Are Social Security Benefits Taxable At Full Retirement Age

What happens to my Social Security disability benefits when I reach retirement age?

Your age does not have an impact on whether you will owe tax on Social Security benefits. Depending on your earnings, you may pay federal taxes on Social Security benefits regardless of the age at which you claim.

Social Security benefits are taxed on amounts exceeding the “provisional income” limit set by the IRS. To calculate your provisional income, add up all non-Social Security sources of income, including nontaxable income such as municipal bond interest, and include half of your annual Social Security income.

Single filers earning provisional income between $25,000 and $34,000 and married joint filers earning between $32,000 and $44,000 will owe income taxes on 50% of their Social Security benefits. For single filers with provisional income above $34,000 and married filers above $44,000, up to 85% of Social Security benefits will be taxable.

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How Do You Know How Much You Will Receive

To help each beneficiary know what amount to expect, monthly benefits should be calculated based on several circumstances.

The simplest way to calculate your benefit is to take your current monthly payment and then multiply it by 5.9%. That amount is added to the original payment and you will see the increase reflected in your check, according to MSN.

Its important to keep in mind that only the 35 years with the highest earnings count toward your Social Security benefit. Thats why its important to work for at least 35 years, or else $0 will be factored into your benefit calculation for each year you are missing an income.

Securitys annual increase, or COLA, is determined each year by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers, or the CPI-W.

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Will Your Expenses Decrease After You Retire

Retirement could be more expensive than you expect.

If youre planning an active retirement or carry a mortgage or other debt, retirement may be more expensive than you expect. Some regular expenses like your out-of-pocket health care costs will likely increase as you get older. You can protect your retirement lifestyle by reducing your largest expenses. You can also increase your regular income by claiming at your full Social Security benefit age or later. If you claim earlier, your monthly benefit could be reduced by as much as 30 percent.Create a retirement budget.

Retirement could be more expensive than you expect.

If youre planning an active retirement or carry a mortgage or other debt, retirement may be more expensive than you expect. Some regular expenses like your out-of-pocket health care costs will likely increase as you get older. You can protect your retirement lifestyle by reducing your largest expenses. You can also increase your regular income by claiming at your full Social Security benefit age or later. If you claim earlier, your monthly benefit could be reduced by as much as 30 percent.Create a retirement budget.

Maintain your lifestyle by planning ahead.

Maintain your lifestyle by planning ahead.

Many people find retirement is more expensive than expected.

Many people find retirement is more expensive than expected.

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How Much Do You Spend A Month In Retirement

Despite the typical American having less than $100,000 for retirement, the average spending amount in retirement is surprisingly high. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics data, older households defined as those run by someone 65 and older spend an average of $45,756 a year, or roughly $3,800 a month.

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